Rules for learner drivers

There are special rules that apply to learner drivers. These rules are designed to keep you safe while you're building your driving skills.

In addition to following the NSW Road Rules, you must:

  • Only drive cars
  • Be supervised at all times by the holder of a full (not learner or provisional) Australian driver licence
  • Have L plates displayed (black L on an orange/yellow background) clearly at the front and back of the vehicle, on the outside, or an L sign on the roof, when driving. The letter L on the plate must not be hidden
  • Observe a the posted speed limit, and never drive above 90 km/h
  • Not tow any other vehicle
  • Not have any alcohol in your system when you drive a vehicle. It is also illegal to drive under the influence of drugs
  • Not supervise another learner driver
  • Only carry the number of passengers that can be properly seated in seats and restrained by approved seat belts or child restraints
  • Only drive vehicles that have a seat belt fitted to the driver's position, and you must wear the seat belt
  • Not use any mobile phone, including hands-free devices or loud speaker, while driving, or while your vehicle is stopped but not parked.
  • If in Sydney, not drive in Parramatta Park or Centennial Park.

Failure to comply is an offence and carries heavy penalties, including loss of licence.

You must comply with these NSW rules when you are driving interstate or overseas. You should also make yourself aware of any licensing or driving laws that another jurisdiction may apply to you as a visiting novice driver.

Demerit points apply to learner drivers. Your learner licence will be suspended or refused if you reach or exceed 4 demerit points in a three year period.

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